Sinus balloon surgery is the latest technology to help people with chronic rhinosinusitis. Breast surgery has evolved from a process in which all the structures were removed from the inside of the nose to a very focused process of simply opening the natural drainage pathways of the nose. Balloon sinuplasty has been introduced in the last 5 years and has gained momentum as a minimally invasive sinus surgery with promising long-term results.
The technique can be performed in an office using only local anesthesia in appropriate patients. Balloons similar to those used in cardiac surgery are introduced under extended guidance in the natural drainage openings of the frontal, maxillary or sphenoid sinus. The balloon is inflated and the opening widens. Several studies suggest that this produces a very good long-term result.
The appropriate patients for are determined by a thorough evaluation by the nose and throat specialist. General recommendations include patients suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis who does not respond to medical treatment with evidence of obstruction of the natural drainage pathways of the paranasal sinuses. Chronic rhinosinusitis is a sinus disease that persists for more than 4 to 6 weeks. Medical treatment includes antibiotics, antihistamines, nasal steroids, oral steroids and several other classes of medications. A single or combined therapy may be appropriate depending on the patient's complaints and other medical conditions. The procedure can be performed in an operating room with intravenous sedation or general anesthesia; In certain patients with favorable anatomy, the procedure can be performed while awake in a doctor's office.
Recovery after balloon sinuplasty is variable, however, if the procedure is performed under local anesthesia, the patient can drive to and from the procedure. This also allows certain patients who can not tolerate general anesthesia due to other medical problems to obtain relief from chronic rhinosinusitis.
The first step in determining if the balloon sinuplasty procedure is right for you is to visit the ear, nose and throat doctor and get a computerized breast scan. If this shows a chronic rhinosinusitis not amenable to medical treatment, Balloon Sinuplasty may be right for you. If there are no other anatomical restrictions evidencing the disease of the polyps, the procedure can also be performed using only local anesthesia. It is always necessary to have a thorough and frank conversation with the surgeon to determine all the risks of the surgery and determine what level of anesthesia is right for you.
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